How to Write a Cause-and-Effect Essay

A cause-and-effect essay requires the writer to research and, in a neutral tone, give the relationship between two elements. The technicality of arranging these ideas in an essay is a challenge for most students. As a result, this article debunks the process.

Cause-and-Effect Essay
A student writing a cause-and-effect essay

What Is a Cause-And-Effect Essay?

A cause-and-effect essay is an academic paper aiming to demystify the relationship between two subjects. It explores the cause of a specific issue and its consequences. This writing includes evaluating available evidence and establishing sensible claims around the topic.

As a result, cause-and-effect essays command critical thinking. They also test your ability to build a cause and effect reasoning and separate facts from opinions. Let’s look at how to write a cause-and-effect essay and examples to make you understand it better.

How to Write a Cause-And-Effect Essay Step by Step

Besides the content of your writing, your cause-and-effect essay should be well-structured. Otherwise, your reader will have a difficult time establishing the flow of your writing. Below is a detailed outline of how you need to structure your ideas.

How Do You Format a Cause-And-Effect Essay?

The cause-and-effect essay outline includes the obvious sections of an essay, an introduction, the body and the conclusion. However, the contents of the body paragraphs vary slightly. These are the three schemes you could consider when structuring the outline of your body paragraphs.

Variant 1

  • First cause
  • Second cause
  • First effect
  • Second effect

Variant 2

  • Cause 1
  • Effect 1
  • Cause 2
  • Effect 2

Variant 3

  • First cause and effect
  • Second cause and effect
  • Third cause and effect

We have provided cause-and-effect essay examples to understand these schemes and outlines better. But first, I would like to introduce you to EssayAxe. We are the friend you did not know you needed.

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Back to how to write a cause-and-effect essay, this is how you should structure your writing:

How Do You Start a Good Cause-And-Effect Essay?

The introduction lays the foundation for the rest of the article. Before delving into the writing process, you need to take time to structure your argument. So, how do you write an introduction for a cause-and-effect essay?

Remember, the hook statement in the introductory paragraph sets the pace for the rest of the writing. It also determines whether the reader will go through the writing. Below is an example of hook statements you could use in your introductory paragraph:

Cause-and-Effect Essay
A student researching on the contents of their essay

A Rhetorical Question

Do social media platforms replace real life?

A Quote

According to Malay Shah, “Social media sites create an illusion of connectivity.”


As Mohsin (2020) reports, approximately half of the world’s population uses social media websites daily.

The hook statement introduces the reader to the field being discussed and focuses their attention on the argument. Therefore, you must develop a good thesis statement at the end of the introductory paragraph. The thesis statement should support every claim you make in the introductory statement.

Cause-And-Effect Essay Body Paragraph (Causes)

What is an example of a cause-and-effect paragraph? The body paragraphs should entail several causes of the problem highlighted in the introductory paragraph. This element convinces your tutor that you have adequately researched the topic. You could identify the reason that carries the most weight and discuss it first. Remember, every paragraph should address a specific issue.

Use the traditional format:

  • Topic sentence
  • Evidence
  • Support
  • Concluding sentence

This format makes it easy for you to communicate your ideas effectively.

Cause-And-Effect Essay Body Paragraph (Effects)

When compiling content focused on the effects, ensure the details logically connect with the mentioned causes. Remember to focus on the primary consequences of the problem to make your claims coherent. Ensure to introduce the effects you wish to discuss in the topic sentence and cite them depending on the referencing style recommended by your tutor.

Cause-And-Effect Essay Conclusion

The conclusion is the final section of your writing. Remember, you need to restate the thesis statement and remind the reader what the writing was about. However, you are not supposed to copy it as it is in the introductory paragraph.

The conclusion should also include a summary of the main points discussed in the body paragraphs. Do not introduce new ideas in this section or include information you did not mention in the essay’s body.

Which Topic Is Narrow Enough to Address in a Cause-And-Effect Essay?

Now that you are caught up on the structure and outline of this writing, how about exploring cause-and-effect essay topics? Depending on your academic level and preference, consider these topics for your next essay:

  1. How does social media affect teenagers?
  2. Why do we spend a lot of time on social media?
  3. The negative and positive influences of school uniforms
  4. Why do some social media channels lose popularity?
  5. What are the possible negative effects of drug legalization?
  6. Why do social networks make humans feel more lonely?
  7. What positive effects can social media have in the educational sphere?
  8. Why do the majority of students find learning so boring?
  9. What causes the increase in immigration rates?
  10. The impact of lockdown on the rise in unemployment rates

Writing a cause-and-effect essay is not as complicated as most students think. However, it requires extensive research. If you do not have the time and resources and still want to score highly, consider seeking help. We are one call away!

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