How to Write an Informative Essay

How to Write an Informative Essay

As the name dictates, an informative essay’s primary focus is to educate the reader on a specific topic. Therefore, this essay does not aim to change the reader’s perception but to impart knowledge on a specific topic.

The information should be presented clearly and straightforwardly. While at the same time remaining captivating. It should also answer the questions of how and why. This is an uphill task as all information is based on fact, and we know not all facts are fun. So keep reading to learn how to write an informative essay.

‌How do you start an informative essay?

An informative essay should start with an introduction to introduce the topic to the reader. While enlightening, the introduction should also be interesting to capture the reader’s interest.

When writing an informative essay introduction, ensure your introduction has a captivating start while stating key information regarding the topic of the essay. Then include a transitioning statement that keeps the reader focused on the essay.

What are the five parts of an informative essay?

The informative essay has a basic essay structure. Which typically consists of an introduction, a body (made up of several paragraphs), and a conclusion. Most informative essays also include a background and a thesis statement.


This section introduces the topic of the essay and tries to capture the reader’s interest. When writing an introduction for an informative essay, make sure you provide background information about the topic and mention its importance. You can start with a question or a fact to pique the reader’s interest. The ideal number of sentences in the introduction paragraph is seven.

Thesis Statement

Use this section to state the main point of the essay. An informative essay’s thesis statement typically summarizes the essay’s main points and creates a scope of the topic of discussion. The thesis statement should help the reader understand the topic.

A thesis statement usually consists of one or two sentences. It is typically part of the introduction. The statement forms an argument for your essay and expresses your opinion on the topic.


The essay’s body is supposed to provide evidence to support the thesis statement. Therefore, you can express your idea in this segment. The body usually spans several paragraphs depending on the essay’s length.

Ensure your paragraphs are sequential to avoid confusing the reader and discuss a different subtopic in each paragraph or two. The general rule of thumb is to ensure your essay is structured regarding the sequence of ideas, chronology, and contrast. The essay should also be cohesive, and the paragraphs should anchor to their predecessors.


To write a good conclusion for an informative essay, summarize the points in the essay’s body and emphasizes the thesis statement. You typically recap points from different authors in this section. Do not introduce any new information in this section. But you may call readers to action at this point.

How to write a conclusion for an informative essay

Follow these tips to write a good conclusion for your informative essay;

  1.  Start by restating your thesis statement. And ensure it is exactly as stated at the beginning of the essay.
  2. Then summarize the key points of the topic and any subtopics you discussed in the essay.
  3. Then finish by stating your opinion or impression on the topic. Do not forget the call to action if one is necessary. Any major revelations regarding the topic can also be made at this point.

What are the seven steps to writing an informational essay?

Below are the key steps to follow when writing an informational essay;

  1. Start by selecting the topic and defining its scope. Look for a topic that is easy to get information on and easy for you to understand.
  2. Research and gather information on the topic of the essay. Brainstorm supporting ideas to find out more about the topic. Gather factual information that will form the basis for the core points in your essay.
  3. Sort the gathered information and note the important facts about your essay topic. You can create your thesis statement at this point. You can also develop the title for your essay and the introduction.
  4. Create a draft based on the information and facts gathered. You can develop an outline to help you form your thoughts and streamline the essay.
  5. Then fill in the missing information by doing more research once your draft starts taking shape. Remember to streamline the information flow to make it easy to read. Also, pore over the information.
  6. Proofread and edit your essay to ensure your points come across to the reader. This will also help to notice if any information is unclear or if any words as misspelled. Fix any grammatical and punctuation errors at this point. Finally, pass the essay through a spellchecker to make proofreading easier.
  7. Don’t forget to cite references for all the information gathered. Remember to use the approved citation style. And go through the essay again to ensure it is error-proof.

What is the key step in writing an informative essay?

The introductory paragraph is the most important part of an informative essay. It determines whether the reader will continue reading or not. The introduction of the topic or issue helps clarify the essay’s point by presenting background information. It essentially provides a foundation for your topic.

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